Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery
The heart is the muscular organ in humans as well as animals that pump blood vessels throughout the body via the circulatory system. In a healthy human heart, there are four valves which help to maintain proper blood flow through the heart and keeping blood moving efficiently in the right direction. Heart valves play a key role in this one-way blood flow with each heartbeat. A heart valve stops blood from flowing out of a heart chamber until it is time for the heart to pump the blood to its next destination. Valves open and close with precision timing and allowing the heart to pump blood efficiently. If the valves don’t work properly will cause, blood flows in the wrong direction or it becomes very difficult to develop correct blood pressure. Blood may also leak through a valve if it is not performing well.
In human heart there are four types of heart valves:
- Tricuspid Heart Valve
- Pulmonic Heart Valve
- Mitral Heart Valve
- Aortic Heart Valve
When a valve doesn’t functionally well and does not close properly and blood leaks backward instead of moving in the proper one-way flow. If too much blood flows backward this makes your heart working harder and become a dilated and not able to pump blood through your body. It is also called Regurgitation problem.
Causes of valve disease:
- The weakening of the valve tissue by energy changes in the body.
- The Buildup of calcium on the aortic or mitral valves, which makes valves thicken.
- Use of the anti-obesity medicines.
- Heart – attack.
- Major heart symptoms such as chest pain, faintness or shortness of breath.
Treatment of valve disease:
People who have any minimal symptoms may not need treatment. They treated well with medicines. If the condition becomes worse and hard to control valve surgery may require. During surgery, valves may either be replaced or repair.
Valve Replacement is used to treat any disease that cannot be recovered. If your valve is damaged and needs a new valve, your surgeon will remove your valve and put it in the new place by open heart surgery. The surgeon makes a large surgical cut in your breastbone to reach the heart. You are connected to a heart-lung bypass machine and your heart is stopped while you are connected to this machine. This machine provides you oxygen and remove carbon dioxide.
Heart valves problem treated with surgery are:
- Pulmonary valve stenosis
- Tricuspid regurgitation
- Tricuspid valve stenosis
- Aortic insufficiency
- Aortic stenosis